Convenor(s): Martin Birley, BirleyHIA
This theme forum explores the use of health impact assessment as a tool for safeguarding community well-being. The diverse presentations explore the theme from the perspectives of the community and the private sector.
Three of the papers in this session explore the theme of health impact assessment from a community perspective using examples from Canada, Wales and Nigeria. The 4th paper examines the theme from the perspective of the Corporate Social Responsibility agenda of the extractive industry.
Presentation of papers followed by a general audience discussion.
Presenter(s): Colleen Cameron, Coady International Institute and Clinical Associate in the School of Nursing, St. Francis Xavier University
The People Assessing Their Health (PATH) process is a community-driven approach to HIA that enables community members to develop and use their own Community Health Impact Assessment Tool (CHIAT).
Presenter(s): Liz Green, Welsh Health Impact Assessment Support Unit
Undertaking the HIA of the preferred strategy of the local development plan has “‘added value” to the plan, the process, and the policy and supported stakeholder participation in planning developments.
Presenter(s): C. P. (Charlie) Wolf, Social Impact Assessment Center
The Kigutu story is a “natural experiment” in community health impact assessment, both as humanitarian intervention and as community development that can produce lasting social change in a conﬂ ict region.
Presenter(s): Francesca Viliani, International SOS
CSR principles can help practitioners involved in HIA of extractive industry projects in selecting and empowering community by involving them in shaping the impact assessment process.
Closing Remarks Martin Birley
Convenor(s): Terje Lind, Ministry of Environment, Norway
There is a strong linkage between oil and gas development and environmental and social quality, and thus human well-being. All sources of energy are causing adverse impacts to the environment in one way or another. Impact assessments of oil and gas development projects are therefore essential for ﬁnding ways to mitigate adverse impacts and enhancing the beneﬁ cial ones. Governments and the public are increasingly focusing attention on the need for improved governance and more transparent management policies in the sector, and this theme forum will discuss some of these issues.
Presenter(s): Solveig Andresen, Norwegian Oil for Development Program
The OfD program was launched in 2005 and aims to help developing nations better manage their oil and gas resources. This presentation will introduce the program and inform about results and status of the program so far.
Presenter(s): Victor Koﬁ Sunu-Attah, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation
Ghana began oil and gas exploration fairly recently, and authorities have been very concerned about managing the resources right, ﬁnancially, socially and environmentally. This presentation will discuss the Ghanaian approach with special reference to the development of the Jubilee Oil ﬁeld and the use of strategic environmental assessment in that context.
Presenter(s): Arne Tesli, Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR)
All too often the social and the environmental impact assessments are done as two separate documents in oil and gas industry projects, independent of each other and at different times in the planning process. The importance and need for integrating the two is the subject of this presentation.
Presenter(s): Peter Croal, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
More and more indigenous communities all over the world are affected by oil and gas exploration and production. The oil industry has often overlooked indigenous peoples’ rights. The imposition of massive industrial projects on indigenous land is threatening both physical and social existence of cultures which are often ecologically unique.
Convenor(s): John Hobbs
This workshop will provide an update on the status of the work of the OECD-DAC Task Team on SEA following the publication, in 2006, of OECD Guidance on SEA. Selected cases of SEAs supported and undertaken by development cooperation agencies and partner countries will be showcased. They will aim to demonstrate good practice and highlight implementation of the guidance and donor harmonization on SEA in support of the Paris Declaration.
Presentation of papers and case studies followed by panel questions and answer session.
Presenter(s): John Hobbs
Presenter(s): Barry Sadler
Presenter(s): S. Doolan
Presenter(s): Peter Tarr, Southern African Institute for Environmental
Convenor(s): Mawuena Dumor, Corporate Services Executive, MTN Ghana
MTN Ghana, the leading mobile telecommunications provider in Ghana, recognizes the critical role of sustainable development and continues to champion the telecoms sector in towards environmentally sound strategies for business with initiatives such as co-location with other telecom operators. This forum seeks to stimulate discussions on developing the standards to enforce, measure and monitor the impact of the telecoms industry on the environment as well as ﬁnd ways of addressing public perceptions and health concerns related to telecom infrastructure and the role of permitting agencies in fostering sustainable development in partnership with mobile telephony operators.
Paper presentations followed by a documentary and mini (10-minute) breakout sessions for discussions and question and answer session. Recommendations and wrap-up to be ﬁ nalized by the convener.
Presenter(s): Emmanuel Amamoo Otchere, Development GEOinformation Services (DEGEOSERV), Accra
The paper will delve into the precautionary principle, the facts and misconceptions of the impact of masts and radiation and the health debate. It is anticipated that at the end, participants will be better informed of the impact as well as recommendations to better harness the potential of the mobile telecommunications industry.
Presenter(s): Patrick Awuah, Ashesi University, Ghana
The presentation focuses on the relevance of technology/ mobile telecommunication in improving quality of life in rural communities and adding value to society. References will be made to case studies using telecommunications to reduce carbon emissions throughout the economy and reducing the impact of business on the environment.
Presenter(s): Oluwole Jacob Ameyan, Environmental Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Environment, Nigeria
The importance of standards to regulate efficiency in the telecommunication sector. How well developed are the standards and what are the next steps? The cell site co-location, ﬁbre optics, having properly resourced agencies for monitoring, development of standards to enforce, measure and monitor the impact on the environment by the telecoms industry, etc.
Convenor(s): Ana Maria Esteves, Community Insights
The theme forum will deal with the question of how supply chains can potentially contribute to social development and how impact assessment can serve as a tool to optimise the beneﬁ ts ﬂowing to affected communities through enterprise development. A range of perspectives will be presented, from diverse country contexts. The invited speakers represent leading thinkers and practitioners on this topic representing international development agencies, NGOs, corporates and researchers. The primary learning objective is to encourage impact assessment professionals to consider how the supply of goods and services to major projects and ongoing operations can contribute to social development, addressing poverty and the broader dimensions of sustainability.
Paper presentations followed by a brief critical summation of the issues affecting practice and research in assessing the impacts of supply chains by the Convener.
Presenter(s): Karen Hayes
Major companies, particularly in extractive and manufacturing industries, are required to carry out EIAs, but these are often not extended to include their local suppliers. A case study on Pact’s work with the mining sector in the DRC will be discussed, addressing issues such as economic boom and bust – the impact of project cycle supply demands on a small community, practical elements in building effective local enterprises, helping local business women to access to credit, and lessons learned.
Presenter(s): George Brakoh, Newmont Ghana Gold Ltd., Maria Cecilia Araujo Morales, IFC
This paper provides evidence on how indirect effects of supplier development increase the social assets of rural communities as a result of the formalisation of business practices.
Presenter(s): Dino Cangy, Sasol
Sasol intends to maximise local content across all its operations in Mozambique. In replicating an established linkages program, Sasol has identiﬁed framework conditions, developed performance indicators, and changed corporate practices.
Presenter(s): Ana Maria Esteves
Brief overview of a project in Australia that involves a collaboration between seven corporates, two government agencies and two universities. The project addresses the challenge: “How can mining, oil and gas companies meet the objectives of contributing to sustainable regions and Indigenous economic development through enterprise facilitation and integration of local SMEs into supply chains?”. One of the speciﬁc objectives relates to assessing and monitoring the impacts (socio-economic impacts and business value impacts) of local SME development and supply chain activities.
Convenor(s): Maria Partidario, Instituto Superior Técnico; Linda Ghanimé, United Nations Development Program; Arne Dalfelt, NIBR
Poverty is a growing problem, despite efforts for poverty eradication and improvement of the situation in many parts of the world. The situation in many African countries is quite critical, but the growth of relative poverty in our developed societies and urban conurbations is also a major issue of concern.
Paper presentations by selected speakers followed by group discussion using an Indaba format.
Presenter(s): Peter Croal, Canadian International Development Agency
The current economic crisis necessitates that impact assessment practitioners prepare impact assessments in a more comprehensive way concerning risk from the perspective of regulators, lenders and private sector.
Presenter(s): Arne Tesli, Norway
Presenter(s): Jean-Phillippe Waaub, GEIGER, Geography Department, UQAM
The Community Development Support Project (PADEC) is in fact an action program. It is related to the second phase of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in Mali and is funded by the African Development Fund. The ﬁrst phase done between 2001 and 2005, has led to very encouraging results for local community members. Hundreds of those projects have been and will be implemented under this project and the outcome of the evaluation of EIAs conducted would be presented.
Presenter(s): Indaba session to follow (TF3.3, Thursday, 21 May, 09:00).
Convenor(s): Mark Divall, NewFields
This session will highlight the rapidly growing practice of Health Impact assessments in projects in the developing world. The methodology of HIA will be introduced based on the new International Finance Corporation health impact assessment toolkit. Practical as well as considerations for applying HIA as an integrated and multidisciplinary study will be discussed.
The chair will introduce the concept of HIA, its relevance and the ﬂow of the theme forum. The session will combine relevant policy and procedural guidelines as well as practical application and tools. The integration of HIA in the EIA and EMP process will be addressed as this is the biggest opportunity to start mainstreaming the practice of HIA. After the introduction there would be the following presentations:
Presenter(s): Stephan Abah, Ambrose Alli University Nigeria
This paper evaluates the methodological challenges associated with carrying out health impact assessments in resource poor communities and proposes a ﬁve stage model based on practical experiences in Nigeria.
Presenter(s): Geetha Ramesh, WorleyParsons
Framework of HIA process should be all inclusive. This comprises of several steps including screening, scoping, stakeholder communication and consultation, proﬁ ling, risk assessment or appraisal, decision making and mitigative measures. This presentation will consider the framework of applying HIA as an integrated and multi-disciplinary study.
Presenter(s): Mirko Winkler, Swiss Tropical Institute / NewFields Switzerland
We present an HIA approach that is broadly applicable in complex eco-epidemiological settings. Multiple steps, including an innovative risk analysis matrix, generate structured outcomes for informed decision-making.
Presenter(s): Francesca Viliani, International SOS
The paper presents case studies of comprehensive HIAs in malarious areas and various examples of program implementation.
Convenor(s): Bobbi Schijf, Netherlands Commission for EIA; Reinoud Post, Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment
EIA strengthening in any country should start from a shared understanding of what blocks EIA effectiveness. This session brings together different approaches to EIA system analysis and discusses their applicability and the results of their application in Africa.
Each of the presenters will brieﬂy present the EIA mapping approach that they have worked with one of the presentations taking the form of an interview between the two presenters. Some limited time for questions will be allotted the presenters will remain as a panel, possibly complemented with others involved. The chairs will then present a series of stimulating statements on the (im)possibilities of EIA country analysis, to be consecutively discussed with the panel and the audience. Session will close with a summary of do’s and don’t for EIA (self) analysis.
Presenter(s): Wayne Hector, DEAT, South Africa
The Department commissioned an independent study on the efficiency and effectiveness of EIAs in South Africa. The findings of this study will be used to develop the strategy.
Presenter(s): Mark Stoughton, Cadmus Group, Abdulrahman Issa, IUCN
Brief presentation of the methodology developed for an assessment of Mali’s EIA system and the recommendations of the CLEAA-ECA African Experts’ Workshop, which synthesized participants’ EIA system assessment experiences.
Presenter(s): Peter Tarr, Southern African Institute for Environmental Assessment (SAIEA)
New approaches towards reliably assessing the actual performance of EA systems have been used by SAIEA in various African countries so that capacity building efforts can be more focused.
Presenter(s): Reinoud Post, Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment Dieudonne Bitondo, Environmental Assessment in Central Africa (SEACA)
EIA mapping is a practical tool for participatory assessment of EIA systems. The process is as important as the outcome. It provides a useful basis for monitoring EIA system evolution.
Convenor(s): Fernando Loayza, World Bank
The forum’s objective is to discuss how strategic environmental and social assessment contributes to achieve the triple bottom line of economic, social and environmental beneﬁts from mineral sector development, hence enhancing human-well being. The forum will focus on the World Bank-supported policy dialogue, the West Africa Minerals Sector Strategic Assessment (WAMSSA), that covers the Mano River countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
The session will be organized as a discussion panel comprising two segments:
Short presentations on the Africa Mineral Sector Governance Project and the preliminary ﬁndings of WAMSSA will set the scene for the discussion panel.
A panel integrated by representatives of governments and regional economic integration organizations will discuss:
Panelists: Ibrahima Sory Camara, Director, Ministry of Mines, Guinea Walter McCarthy, Director for Mines, Ministry of Mines and Energy, Liberia Usman Boie Kamara, Acting Director of Mines, Ministry of Mineral Resources, Sierra Leone Simeon Moribah, Secretary General, Mano River Union Mensan Lawson-Hechelli, Director of Mines and Industry, ECOWAS Commission, Economic Community of West African States. Souleymane Zeba, Advisor, Regional Integration and NEPAD, ECOWAS Commission Abdoulaye Kone, Directeur des Resources Minérales, du Pétrole, et des Energies Renouvelable, Economic and Monetary Union of West Africa
Sponsor: World Bank and Golder Associates
Presenter(s): Fernando Loayza, World BankPeter Kristensen, World Bank
The Africa Mineral Governance Project is an umbrella regional ﬁnance facility for technical assistance to support regional harmonization in line with the Africa Mining Vision 2050 and to EITI++ principles.
Presenter(s): Rob Hounsome, Golder Associates Africa
WAMSSA was launched in 2008 and is expected to be completed by June 2009. It focuses on issues associated with sub-regional mining development in the countries piloting AMGP. By complementing analytical work with participatory processes, WAMSSA identiﬁed national and Mano River Union environmental and social priorities, and assessed the existing capacity to address priorities at regional level, and at national and sub-national levels with regional implications. Institutional and policy adjustments required to enabling countries to manage regional environmental and social issues have been prepared and will be discussed in a regional validation workshop.
Convenor(s): Chris Anderson, Newmont
Through a series of speciﬁc questions posed to a panel of experts from varying relevant backgrounds, we will deal with issues of how development impacts land and people and how this is measured and managed using Ghana and mining as a case study and a set of examples.
Mining needs access to land and usually this means impacting people. Companies are faced with a dual task of mitigating their negative impacts on the environment and communities but also being a positive part of development in rural, low income areas. How do you assess these impacts and how do they feed into the local community economy and, ultimately, the national economy?
The session will bring together speakers with differing perspectives including industry, government, civil society and professional impact assessors in the hope of drawing productive conclusions on matters crucial to Ghana’s path to positive growth and sustainable development.
The moderator will pose questions. A lead panelist will respond. Panel discussion will then take place with 2-3 questions from the audience as well.
Sponsor: Newmont Ghana (IAIA09 Premier Sponsor)
Convenor(s): Martin Birley, BirleyHIA
The objective of the forum is to enable participants to focus on the challenges and opportunities presented by climate change and peak oil in the countries of the South. Participants will have an opportunity to consider the consequences of an energy constrained future for impact assessments. This session will provide an opportunity for participants to discuss the implications of climate change and peak oil for the practice of impact assessment. It will include a review of the issues that will drive down our reliance on fossil fuel and of the opportunities this provides for developing a greener economy.
Two presentations to set the scene for small group discussions which will consider the following questions:
Sponsor: Volta River Authority
Presenter(s): Martin Birley, BirleyHIA
Evidence for climate change and peak oil implies an energy constrained future for all. How does this affect the impact assessment process and the opportunities for safeguarding and mitigation?
Presenter(s): Hussein Abaza, United Nations Environment Programme
UNEP’s Green Economy Initiative advocates clean technologies and renewable energy as a means to create jobs, stimulate economies and promote sustainable objectives.
Convenor(s): Maria Partidario and Ana Maria Esteves
Indaba session: How can impact assessment help achieve the MDG1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger?
Convenor(s): Stephen Lintner, World Bank; Sachihiko Harashina, Tokyo Institute of Technology
ODA and Sustainability: A New Movement
Sachihiko Harashina, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Presenter(s): Katsuhiko Okazaki, JICA
Presenter(s): Zhu Xingxiang, Ministry of Environment Protection, China
Presenter(s): Jonathan Allotey, Ghana Environment Protection Agency
Comments The Viewpoint of a Multilateral OrganizationPeter Leonard, World Bank
Closing Remarks Stephen Lintner, World Bank